Why is the Sky Blue?


What is the size of the light?

There is no exact concept of sizing the light, but it uses the wavelength of the light. Wavelength is the distance traveled by a wave before it vibrates once and returns to its original phase.
Among the visible light, red light has the longest wavelength, about 750nm, and violet light has the shortest wavelength, about 380nm.

Near the ground where the air is most dense, blue light passes through about 150 air molecules over a wavelength distance.

Scattering of light

Light scattering is the phenomenon in which light changes direction in the matter. Air molecules cause light scattering in the atmosphere.
Let’s compare car tires with light and irregularities of the road to air molecules.
Cars with big tires can’t shake well on bumpy roads. Similarly, light with longer wavelengths is less sensitive to air molecules. In contrast, cars with small tires generate vibrations along bumpy roads. This is why light with shorter wavelengths scatters more.

As the sun sets, the sun shines obliquely on the ground. Passing through the atmosphere, blue light with short wavelengths is scattered and exits in all directions. Eventually, light with a relatively long wavelength, such as red, remains and looks glowing.